What is a Scaling Law? Before we begin, we must understand that physics is the oldest and most mature of the natural sciences. Since Aristotle, physicists endeavor to discovery equations that govern natural laws or laws of science. For example Newton’s second law is force equals mass times acceleration (F=ma), an equation that denotes a physical law. What a scaling law means in the content of this site is a set of equations or perhaps one equation that scales from very small particles (electron) to very large particles (stars) thus governs the results.
Next, we must incorporate the central concept of the wave–particle duality that is every elementary particle exhibits the properties of both the particle and wave. In quantum mechanics, we address the duality of particle and wave however; the classical physical concepts concentrate on the other particle or wave. The scaling law we consider is a quantum mechanical one that scales to the very large wave particle concepts.
What Fringe Truth is getting at is the very large particles also have a wave particle duality. However, the magnitude of the wave is so large we are unable to measure it. Therefore, we are unable to conceive the notion that the very large particles scale.
In 1921, Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect. Einstein explained that the electron could receive energy from electromagnetic field only in discrete portions (quanta) an amount of energy E that was related to the frequency f of the light by E=hf, where h is Planck’s constant (6.626 × 10−34 J seconds). The equation E=hf states that energy is directly proportional to frequency. What is frequency? Frequency is a wiggle in time in other words frequency is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit of time. The period is the duration of one cycle in a repeating event, so the period is the reciprocal of the frequency. Since everything wiggles, we can determine the energy of that wiggle. The amount of that energy is a quanta.
The period, usually denoted by the letter T, is the duration of one cycle or one wiggle, and is the reciprocal of the frequency f, the equation is T=1/f. The standard international (SI) unit to measure the period is the second.
In short, everything wiggles therefore, everything is energy. We cannot destroy or create energy, only change how it wiggles. Frequency is the key to understand ancient knowledge. When we change the frequency of an object, we subsequently change the energy. Watch the video below to understand what the change in frequency can do in a two-dimensional distribution of energy levels – cool. Notice the increasing frequency (warning annoying high frequency) lumps the powder into patterns of energy.
The video demonstration is a narrow selection of frequencies. The fact is all the frequencies form energy patterns not just the ones we can hear. The very small objects to the very large objects all lump the mass around to form patterns of energy. The scaling law we are looking to discover scales from the very small particles to the very large particles. First, we will learn the very small particles then scale or sum the small objects to a larger object.